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Binder's syndrome: Craniofacial features and early orthopaedic correction

1 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, FODS, KGMU, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Periodontology, FODS, KGMU, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Vipul Kumar Sharma,
Room No. 106/F, Gautam Budhha Hostel, King George's Medical University, Lucknow - 221 006, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0975-962X.174592

Binder's syndrome is one of the rarest craniofacial anomalies. It is also known as maxillo-nasal dysplasia. Due to developmental abnormality, patients have peculiar features such as hypoplastic midface, flattened nose, protruded upper lip with broad philtrum, semilunar shape nostrils due to short columella, etc., In addition to the facial features, evidence for the presence of cervico-spinal and cranio-spinal abnormalities have also been reported. According to Binder, there is a disturbance in prosencephalic induction center during embryonic growth. The severity of malocclusion is ultimately connected with the severity of the syndrome. The timing and types of procedures involved in the treatment of patients with maxillo-nasal dysplasia depend on the severity of a malformation and are planned individually. Osteotomy and grafts (bone or cartilage) are frequently used in the management of Binder's syndrome. In younger patients, facemask therapy may be a successful treatment modality. Here, we are presenting a case report with the early orthopedic correction that will help in providing additional information about this anomaly.

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