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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 132-138

Evaluation of the efficacy of 100% Type-I collagen membrane of bovine origin in the treatment of human gingival recession: A clinical study


1 Department of Periodontology, Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital, Rajpura, Punjab, India
2 Desh Bhagat Dental College, Muktsar, Punjab, India
3 Department of Oral Health Sciences, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Nitin Soni
Department of Periodontology, Gian Sagar Dental College and Hospital, Rajpura, H. No. 492, Sector 16, Panchkula - 134 113, Haryana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0975-962X.140822

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Background: Various treatment modalities have been devised for gingival recession, which is one of the most common signs of periodontal disease. The present study evaluates the efficacy of bioresorbable 100% type I collagen membrane of bovine origin in the treatment of human gingival recession. Materials and Methods: Twenty cases of Miller's class I or class II localized gingival recession defects on the facial surface were treated with 100% type I collagen membrane of bovine origin in conjunction with coronally positioned flap. Pre-operative and post-operative assessments were performed with respect to probing pocket depth, clinical attachment level and clinical recession at 12, 24 and 36 weeks. The data thus collected were analyzed statistically. Results: Statistically significant improvement based on Student's "t" test was found in all the three clinical parameters. Conclusion: Bioresorbable 100% type I collagen membrane of bovine origin has given inspiring results in the treatment of human gingival recession defects, thereby justifying the use of this material wherever indicated.


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